There are several differences between fruits and vegetables. In broad terms a fruit is the structure of a plant that contains its seeds. A vegetable can be defined as an edible plant or part of a plant. This usually includes the root, stem, or leaf of a plant. Fruits and vegetables also vary in nutritional content. Every fruit or vegetable has its own unique make up of vitamins, minerals, and phytonutrients. This is where fruits and vegetables differ the most. This is the reason that it is so important to eat a rainbow of color. Eating fruits and vegetables from each of the color groups gives your body the best variety of vitamins, minerals, and phytonutrients.