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How do I educate my children about phytonutrients and the benefits of eating a colorful variety of fruits and vegetables?


Q. How do I explain simply to my kids, why its phytochemicals are important and they should have lots of color on their plate.Thank you!


A. Great question! There is a variety of phytonutrients (or phytochemicals) that support human health, and their presence in plants affect the color of fruits and veggies. Phytonutrients in addition to vitamins and minerals work together to: 1) keep us healthy, 2) maintain a healthy weight, and 3) fight off diseases and bacteria. It has been estimated that up to 4,000 phytonutrients exist, so in order to get all the nutrients our bodies need, it is important to eat a colorful variety of fruits and vegetables to meet the daily recommendation. With this in mind, a rainbow can work as a great analogy. Use the following table as a guide for your discussion.

ColorFruit/Veggie ExamplesHealth Benefit
Orange/yellowCarrot, orange, pineappleHealthy heart and eyes, prevent a cold
RedTomato, strawberries, beetsHealthy heart and good memory
BlueBlueberries, eggplant, purple potatoesPrevent cancer; good memory
GreenGreen apple, avocado, spinachHealthy eyes, strong bones and teeth
WhiteCauliflower, mushrooms, onionsHealthy heart and prevent cancer

As you talk about each color, have samples of the fruits and veggies available for taste testing.  This is a great way for children to be adventurous and try something new.  Our website has a Healthy Kids section with a variety of fun, educational activities to teach children about fruits and vegetables.  You may find the Food Champs activities will specifically help you with your question. Have fun!

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