(i) What is the importance of consuming at least 5 servings of fruits and vegetables?(ii) What is the role that fruits and vegetables play in decreasing Chronic Noncommunicable Diseases?
Fruits and vegetables are important because of the wide variety of nutrients they provide that can’t be obtained from other foods. The serving recommendations are to assure that adequate amounts of these nutrients are obtained. Recommendations are based on age and activity level, and current recommendations for most adults are actually more than 5 servings. You can see how many you should be consuming each day by clicking here. The role that fruits and vegetables play in decreasing risk for chronic non-communicable diseases is not completely understood, and is possibly related to several factors. Studies suggest that eating whole fruits and vegetables as part of a healthy diet is important because substances in food may work together. Vitamins and minerals as well as other substances in plants called phytochemicals have a variety of roles in decreasing risk for disease. To find out more information about the role of key vitamins and minerals in fruits and vegetables, click here. You can learn more about phytochemicals by clicking here.